Elysia crispata

Elysia crispata photographed in the waters off of Curacao’s Playa Forti. Credit: Laszlo Ilyes

  • E. crispata, Bonaire
  • Huge, ruffly E. crispata. Bonaire
  • E. crispata and fire coral. Red Beryl, Bonaire
  • Light green E. crispata. Bonaire.
  • E. crispata in Box of Slugs 2.0
  • Elysia crispata in Box of Slugs 2. 3/8/15

Synonyms: Tridachia crispata

Description: A large species, reaching almost 7 cm (Marcus, 1980).  Highly variable in color.  Parapodia highly ruffled. Rhinophores appear scroll-like.  Common on and around coral reefs.

Distribution: Widespread in the Tropical Western Atlantic and Caribbean (Marcus, 1980; Pierce et al., 2006)

Food Plants: Halimeda, Penicillus

Scientific Literature:

de Sisto, M., Crescini, R., Villalba, W., Rios, B., Gomez, V., Mata, Y. (2016) Sacoglossans Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa) from Nueva Esparta state and Los Frailes, Venezuela.  Revista Mexicana De Biodiversidad 87: 42-48 [Ca] [Cr] [Pa] [Se] [Su]

Sanvicente-Añorve, L., Solís-Weiss, V., Ortigosa, J., Hermoso-Salazar, M., Lemus-Santana, E. (2012) Opisthobranch fauna from the national park arrecife alacranes,southern Gulf of Mexico.  Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 53 (4), pp. 447-460. PDF [NH] [Cr] [Pa] [Su] [Tu]

Krug, P.J. (2009) Not My “Type”: Larval dispersal dimorphisms and bet-hedging in opisthobranch life histories. Biological Bulletin, 216 (3), pp. 355-372. PDF [NH] [Co] [Cr] [Pp] [Pr] [Su] [Tu] [Zu]

Pierce, S.K., Curtis, N.E., Massey, S.E., Bass, A.L., Karl, S.A., Finney, C.M. (2006) A morphological and molecular comparison between Elysia crispata and a new species of kleptoplastic sacoglossan sea slug (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) from the Florida Keys, USA.  Molluscan Research, 26 (1), pp. 23-38. Abstract [F] [K] [NH] [Cr] [Cl]

Jeffery, D.W., Perkins, M.V., White, J.M. (2005) Synthesis of an analogue of the marine polypropionate tridachiahydropyrone.  Organic Letters, 7 (3), pp. 407-409. PDF [NP] [Cr]

Williams, S.I., Walker D.I. (1999) Mesoherbivore-macroalgal interactions: feeding ecology of sacoglossan sea slugs (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia) and their effects on food algae.  Oceanogr Mar Biol Annu Rev 37: 87-128 [At] [Au] [Ca] [Cr] [Di] [Ev] [Ex] [Fi] [Fu] [He] [Ma] [Or] [Pa] [Pu] [Se] [Su] [Ti] [Tu] [Vi] Excellent review of food sources

Gavagnin, M., Mollo, E., Castelluccio, F., Montanaro, Elysia RissoD., Ortea, J., Cimino, G. (1997) A novel dietary sesquiterpene from the marine sacoglossan Tridachia crispata.  Natural Product Letters, 10 (2), pp. 151-156. Abstract [NP] [Cr]

Gavagnin, M., Mollo, E., Cimino, G., Ortea, J. (1996) A new ?-dihydropyrone-propionate from the Caribbean sacoglossan Tridachia crispata. Tetrahedron Letters, 37 (24), pp. 4259-4262. Abstract [NP] [Cr]

Thompson, T.E., Jarman, G.M. (1989) Nutrition of Tridachia crispata (Mörch) (sacoglossa). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 55 (2), pp. 239-244. Abstract [F] [NH] [Cr]

Ksebati, M.B., Schmitz, F.J. (1985) Tridachiapyrones: Propionate-derived metabolites from the sacoglossan mollusc Tridachia crispata. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 50 (26), pp. 5637-5642. Abstract [NP] [Cr]

Jensen, K., Clark, K.B. (1983) Annotated checklist of Florida Ascoglossan Opisthobranchia. Nautilus, 97 pp. 1-12 PDF [NH] [Cr]

Ireland, C., and Faulkner, D.J. (1981) The metabolites of the marine mollusk Tridachiella diomedea and Tridachia crispata. Tetrahedron 37 (suppl 1): 233-240 [Cr] [Di]

Marcus, E. (1980)  Review of Western Atlantic Elysiidae (Opisthobranchia Ascoglossa) with a Description of a New Elysia Species.  Bulletin of Marine Science 30 (1) pp. 54-79.

Ireland, C., Faulkner, D.J., Finer, J.S., Clardy, J. (1979) Crispatone, a metabolite of the opisthobranch mollusc Tridachia crispata [1]. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 101 (5), pp. 1275-1276. Scanned version [NP] [Cr]

Trench, R.K., Boyle, J.E., Smith, D.C. (1974) The association between chloroplast of Codium fragile and the mollusc Elysia viridis. III. Movement of photosynthetically fixed 14C in tissues of intact living E. viridis and in Tridachia crispata. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – Biological Sciences, 185 (1081), pp. 453-464. JStor PDF [K] [Cr] [Vi]

Trench, RK, ME Trench, L Muscatine (1972) Symbiotic chloroplasts; their photosynthetic products and contribution to mucus synthesis in two marine slugs The Biological Bulletin, 142 no. 2 335-349 [K] [Cr] [Di]

Taylor, D.L. (1971) Photosynthesis of symbiotic chloroplasts in Tridachia crispata (Bërgh). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology — Part A: Physiology, 38 (1), pp. 233-236. PDF [K] [Cr]

Trench, R.K., Smith, D.C. (1970) Synthesis of pigments in symbiotic chloroplasts. Nature 227: 196 [Cr]

Trench,RK,  RW Greene, BG Bystrom (1969) Chloroplasts as functional organelles in animal tissues J. Cell Biol.  42: 404-417  [F] [K] [Cr] [Di]

Trench, R.K. (1969) Chloroplasts as functional endosymbionts in the mollusc Tridachia crispata (Bërgh), (Opisthobranchia, Sacoglossa). Nature, 222 (5198), pp. 1071-1072. PDF [K] [Cr] [Paper chromatography of pigments]

Morch, O.A.L (1863) Contributions a la faune malacologique des Antilles danoises. Journal de Conchyliologie 11 pp. 21-43 [NH] [Cr]

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